Triticale is a small grain that is a cross between durum wheat and cereal
rye. Triticale feed quality is in many ways similar to that of corn.
New varieties have addressed some of the old problems with this grain, such as low
yields and the grain fungus called ergot. Is this crop ready for prime
time? PFI has been working with ISU agronomist Lance Gibson, who is
evaluating how modern triticale fits in a sustainable farm. Results of
Lance's work appear below, both in the article Triticale – A Step toward
Diversity and in the published results of variety yield and quality
comparisons. Does triticale have a place on the farm? You be the
Winter Triticale 2002-2004 Variety
and Yield Comparisons (requires Adobe Acrobat
Spring Triticale 2002-2004
Variety and Yield Comparisons (requires Adobe Acrobat
Triticale information from Lance Gibson.
December, 2004 PFI On-Farm Research Report:
Triticale – A Step toward Diversity
The small grain triticale may be an alternative crop livestock producers can
use to provide quality feed or forage without high production costs, even though
there is no established market for triticale. But does it work in Midwest
Test how triticale compares to oats as a spring-seeded grain crop that is
compatible with an underseeding of forages or a green manure crop.
Spring triticale was equivalent to oats as a nurse crop for establishing
forages. Triticale grain yield tended to be less than that of oats, but
considering the feed value of triticale, the crop was competitive with oats. A
demonstration field of fall triticale yielded twice as much as the spring
When producers know how to include triticale in rations, it can be a valuable
feedstock. Spring triticale is equivalent to oats in agronomic use and feed
value per acre.